Children are able to control their bladder and bowels when they’re physically ready. Every child is different, so it’s best not to compare your child to others.
•Most children can control their bowel before their bladder.
•By the age of two, some children will be dry during the day, By the age of three,
9 out of 10 children are dry most days. Even then, all children have the odd accident; by the age of four, most children are reliably dry.
It usually takes a little longer to learn to stay dry throughout the night. Although most children learn this between the ages of three and five, it is estimated that a quarter of three-year-olds and one in six five-year-olds wet the bed.
When to Start Potty Training
Most parents start thinking about potty training when their child is around 18 to 24 months old, but there’s no perfect time. It helps to remember that you can’t force your child to use a potty. If they’re not ready, you won’t be able to make them. There are a number of signs that your child is starting to develop bladder control:
- They know when they’ve got a wet or dirty nappy.
- They get to know when they’re passing urine, and may tell you they’re doing it.
- They know when they need to Pass urine, and may say so in advance.
Potty training is usually fastest if your child is at the last stage before you start the training. If you start earlier, be prepared for a lot of accidents as your child learns.
HOW TO START POTTY TRAINING
- Leave a potty where your child can see it and can get to know what it’s for.
- If your child regularly has a bowel movement at the same time each day, leave their nappy off and suggest that they go in the potty.
- As soon as you see that your child knows when they’re going to pee, encourage them to use their potty. If your child slips up, just mop it up and wait for next time. It takes a while to get the hang of it. If you don’t make a fuss when they have an accident then they won’t feel anxious and worried and are more likely to be successful the next time.
- Your child will be delighted when he or she succeeds. A little praise from you will help a lot. It can be quite tricky to get the balance right between giving praise and making a big deal out of it, which you don’t want to do. When the time is right, your child will want to use the potty and they will just be happy to get it right.
All you need to know about changing nappies.
All babies need changing as soon as possible when they’ve passed a stool in order to prevent nappy rash and stop them from smelling.
Getting or Ganised
Get everything you need in one place before you start. The best place to change a nappy is on a changing mat or towel on the floor. Sit down so that you don’t hurt your back.
If you’re using cloth nappies it might take a while to get used to how they fold and fit. Pre- wash them to make them softer. Take care to choose the right size of nappy and cover for your baby’s weight.
You’ll need a supply of either cotton wool and warm water, or baby wipes. It’s also a good idea to have a spare set of clothes handy, especially in the first few weeks.
If your baby’s nappy is dirty, use the nappy to clean off most of the stool from your baby’s bottom. Then use the cotton wool and warm water (or baby lotion or baby wipes) to remove the rest and get your baby really clean.
Girls should be cleaned from front to back to avoid getting germs into the vagina. Boys should be cleaned around the testicles (balls) and penis, but there’s no need to pull back the foreskin. It’s just as important to clean carefully when you’re changing a wet nappy.
It can help to chat to your baby while you’re changing them. Pulling faces, smiling and laughing with your baby will help you bond and help their development.
Disposable nappies can be rolled up and resealed, using the tabs. Put them in a plastic bag and put it in an outside bin. Don’t flush the nappy as it can block the toilet.
To avoid infection, wash your hands after changing a nappy and before doing anything else.
Nappy rash is a common condition thought to affect up to a third of nappy-wearing babies at any given time.Nappy rash is usually caused by your baby’s skin coming into contact with urine and faeces in their nappy.
How Serious is it?
Most nappy rashes are mild and can be treated with a simple skin care routine. Your baby will usually feel no pain or discomfort. However, some nappy rashes are more severe and can be caused by an underlying condition or bacterial infection. A severe rash is painful and distressing for your baby. It usually requires treatment with medication.
What to do with nappy rash? Mild nappy rash
If your baby has a mild nappy rash, they will not normally need any medication or specialist treatment. Instead, there are steps you can take to safely treat the rash at home.
- Leave your baby’s nappy off as long as possible
- Avoid using soaps when cleaning your baby’s skin
- Apply a barrier cream every time you change their nappy.
- Change your baby’s nappy frequently
Severe Nappy rash:
Please contact the doctor for treatment.