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Dr. Dipankar Sarkar , Dr. Shruti Sarkar
MD, MRCP, MRCPCH, MHA
Newborn & Child Health Services
At Lakecity Hospital, Bhopal, M.P.

Home » Recipe for Infants and Children

Recipe for Infants and Children

Recipe for Infants and Children By Lakecity Hospital

 

~ Recipes From Dr. Shruti’s Kitchen ~

 

 


COMPLEMENTARY FEEDING PRINCIPLES

FEEDING- Complementary feeding commonly known as weaning is introduction of semi-solid feeds along with breast feeding when your baby is 6 months old.

» FREQUENCY

  • 2 – 3 meals per day for infants aged 6−8 months;
  • 3−4 meals per day for infants aged 9− 11 months and
  • children 12 − 24 months : additional nutritious snacks may be offered 1−2 times a day, as desired.
  • Best time for feeding is when they are hungry and not immediately after breast feeding

 

» Practise good hygiene and proper food handling.

» Consistency: A complementary food should be thick enough so that it stays on a spoon and does not drip off. Beginning at 6 months, an infant can eat pureed, mashed or semi-solid foods. By 8 months most infants can also eat finger foods. By 12 months, most children can eat the same types of foods as consumed by the rest of the family.

» Practise good hygiene and proper food handling.

» Responsive Feeding

  • Feed infants directly and assist older children when they feed themselves. Feed slowly and patiently, and encourage children to eat, but do not force them.
  • If children refuse many foods, experiment with different food combinations, tastes, textures and methods of encouragement.
  • Minimize distractions during meals if the child loses interest easily.
  • Remember that feeding times are periods of learning and love – talk to children during feeding, with eye-to-eye contact.

 

Why at 6 months ?

Beyond the age of 6 months, breast milk is not enough for your growing baby’s complete nutritional needs. So you need to introduce solid feeds at this time, also continue breast feeding your baby. Rice is an easily digestible first food for your baby. Weaning foods for your baby should be well cooked, soft, mashed and semisolid in consistency. Some of the weaning foods that you can make yourself for your baby are khichdi and rice kheer.

KHICHDI

Ingredients Quantity
Rice 2 tblsp
Moong Dal split ( yellow) 1 tblsp
Oil or Ghee ½ tsp
Pinch of Turmeric 1 tblsp
Pinch of Jeera Powder Optional
Salt For Taste
Water 1 Cup

RECIPE : Soak the rice and moong dal at least 2 hours before cooking . Soaking makes the khichdi softer and it becomes easier for your baby to swallow soft food. Heat the oil/ghee in a pressure cooker, when hot add turmeric, jeera and soaked and drained rice and dal. Stir for 2 minutes, add salt and water. Cook till it gives 4 whistles. Let it cool down a little, mash well with a spoon.

Calorie value of this food is 110 calories and protein content approximately 4 gms.

For an older infant and child add cubed vegetables like carrots, pumpkin, cauliflowers and peas to the rice and dal before adding water.

KHEER

Ingredients Quantity
Powdered Rice 1 tblsp or 10 gms
Milk 150ml
Sugar 2 Spoons

RECIPE : Bring the milk to boil in a pan add sugar reduce the heat and let it boil for a few minutes. Dissolve the rice powder in water and pour into the boiling milk stirring continuously. Take care that the rice does not form lumps. Cook well till the kheer has thickened to a consistency which can drop from the spoon easily. Let it cool for some time.

Calorie value of this food is 150 cal and the protein content is approximately 4 gms. For your older child you could use mashed cooked rice instead of the rice powder.
Once your baby gets used to eating khichdi and rice kheer for a couple of weeks you can start adding other foods to your baby’s diet. Try some of the following recipes.

VEGETABLE SOUP

Ingredients Quantity
Cauliflower Small 2 florets
Potato Cubed 1 small
Carrot Diced 1 small
Onion Sliced 1 small
Peas, Beans Optional
Butter 1 tblsp
Milk Half Cup
Water 1 Cup

RECIPE : Melt the butter in a pressure cooker, add onion stir for few minutes till it becomes pale. Then add the vegetables stir for 2 to 3 minutes, add water and a little salt. Close the lid and cook for 3 whistles. Let it cool then puree in a food processor. Bring back to boil, add milk and let it simmer for 1 or 2 minutes. You can add 1 spoon of doodh ki malai (cream). This will make 2 bowls of soup, 1 for your baby and 1 for you to have, so enjoy!

CHICKEN SOUP

Ingredients Quantity
Chicken Boneless, if possible 150 gms
Onion Chopped 1
Garlic Chopped 4 cloves
Piece of Ginger Grated 1
Butter/ Oil 1 tblsp
Water 2 Cup
Malai Optional
Milk Optional

RECIPE : Melt butter in a pressure cooker, add onion and garlic, stir for 2 minutes then add chicken pieces. Stir on medium heat for about 2 to 3 minutes. Add water and salt. Close the lid and cook for 4 whistles. Let it cool and then puree in a food processor. Bring to boil in a pan, add milk and then let it simmer for few minutes. Add the malai just before taking off heat. Chicken soup a bowl for each, your baby and you !
Keep a gap of at least 3 hours between feeds for your baby. Remember to give your baby water as per demand along with solids.

SOOJI KHEER

Ingredients Quantity
Sooji 2 tblsp
Milk 150ml
Ghee 1 tblsp
Sugar 2 tblsp

RECIPE : Heat the ghee in a heavy pan. Add sooji ,lower the heat , stir the sooji well for 3 to 4 minutes. Add milk and sugar , bring to a boil and then let it simmer on low heat for few minutes. Stir it well so that the sooji does not stick to the pan. Let it cool down before you feed it to your baby. Always check the temperature of the food before feeding your baby.

AATA KHEER

Ingredients Quantity
Whole Wheat Aata 2 tblsp
Milk 150ml
Ghee 1 tblsp
Sugar 2 tblsp

RECIPE : Melt the ghee in a heavy pan. Add atta and stir well for few minutes on low heat taking care it does not burn. Add milk and sugar, bring to a boil. Reduce the heat and let it simmer for 5 minutes. Stir well in between to prevent the atta from sticking to the bottom of the pan. If the kheer is too thick add a little more milk.

Early weaning foods for your baby should be of a consistency that is neither too thick nor too thin. The food should be easily droppable from a spoon.

Once your child gets used to eating some or all of the above twice a day start introducing more variety, but introduce only 1 new food at a time. Do give your baby plenty of water after meals and in between meals too. When your baby is a little older, you may not need to puree the food.

Try some of the following foods which have a little granularity.

UPAMA

Ingredients Quantity
Sooji 2 tblsp
Oil 1 tblsp
Onion Finely Chopped 1 small
Vegetables Boiled
Water 1 Cup

RECIPE : Heat the oil in a heavy pan, add onion and stir fry for few minutes. Add the sooji and stir well so that it does not burn. Add salt, and a little jeera powder. You may also add a small amount of boiled vegetables like carrot, cauliflower, potatoes or peas. Add water, cover and cook for 4 to 5 minutes on low heat.
Let it cool down a little. Check the salt and temperature of the food before you feed your baby.


 

Now that your baby is more than 9 months old you can start giving him/her a little granular food. Here are some such recipes for your baby.

 

POTATO MASH

Ingredients Quantity
Medium Sized Potato 1
Milk 100ml
Butter or Ghee 1 tblsp
Salt to Taste

RECIPE : Wash the potato well. Put in a pressure cooker with 4 tbsp of water. Cook giving at least 3 whistles. Let it cool a little open and peel the potato. Mash with a spoon or grate. Add salt and butter/ghee. Add milk to adjust the consistency so that your baby can easily swallow the mash. Enjoy eating this with your baby. You may add a little freshly cracked black pepper and see whether your baby likes it or not.

MASHED EGG with RICE

Ingredients Quantity
Egg 1
Butter or Ghee 1 tblsp
Rice
(washed & soaked in clean drinking water)
1/4 katori
Water 1 katori for rice
Salt to Taste
Pepper Crushed Optional

RECIPE : In a heavy based pan add rice and water and cook on a low flame till well cooked. In the meantime boil the egg for 7 minutes after the water comes to a boil. Let the egg cool a little and then peel and mash well while still warm. Mash the well cooked rice in a bowl with a spoon add the mashed boiled egg add butter/ghee, salt to taste and some crushed pepper.

This is a complete meal for your baby as it provides all necessary nutrients like carbohydrates ( rice ), protein ( egg ) and fat in the butter or ghee. If your baby likes this it is good to serve this as lunch or dinner for at least 3 or 4 days in a week.

DALIYA ( cracked wheat )

Ingredients Quantity
Daliya 1/4 katori
Ghee 1 tblsp
Milk 1 Cup

Cracked whole wheat is a good source of energy, protein and fibre for your baby.

RECIPE : In a heavy based pan first dry roast the daliya for about 5 to 7 minutes on low flame stirring constantly. Add the ghee and roast again for 2 to 3 minutes. Add the milk and a little water. Cover and cook till all the liquid has reduced stirring in between. You may add a little more milk to adjust the consistency so that your baby can swallow this well. Add salt or sugar to taste depending on what your baby likes (this you will understand by hit and trial method ).

NAMKEEN DALIYA

Ingredients Quantity
Daliya 1/2 Katori
Oil 2 tblsp
Seasonal Vegetables diced in small pieces and washed well ( cauliflower, peas, carrots, sweetcorn )
Small Potato diced and washed 1
Onion diced 1 Medium Size
Haldi Powder 1/4 tsp
Pinch of Chilli Powder Optional
Few coriander leaves washed well and chopped Few
Water 1/2 to 1 Katori

RECIPE : In a heavy based pan first dry roast the daliya stirring constantly for 5 minutes. Keep aside, add oil to the pan, when hot add the diced vegetables. Cover and cook on low flame or you may use boiled vegetables. Add the onion stir fry till onion is transparent. Add the roasted daliya stir well , add haldi, salt to taste and chilli powder ( if using ).

Add water and cover and cook on a lie flame till the daliya absorbs all the water. You may add some more water to make it easy for your baby to swallow. Add coriander and stir well.

You may add some boiled mashed daal (Tuar or moong) to make this a complete meal for your baby.


 

Some More Recepies For Babies Beyond 9 months

FINGER FOODS

RECIPE :Beyond 9 months of age you can introduce finger foods in your baby’s meals. Not only will this be a variation which makes food interesting for children but also it allows the baby to self feed and so promote co ordinated use of hands and fingers.
Don’t worry if the baby makes a mess by spilling some of the food. Let her / him enjoy

RECIPE :Cut 1 medium sized potato in finger size strips of uniform thickness. Wash and pat dry Fry them in hot oil 5 to 6 at a time to ensure uniform heat. Turn and fry till golden in colour. Drain and allow to cool for some time sprinkle salt to taste. Offer the child and encourage to self feed.

RECIPE :Take 2 medium sized potatoes. Wash well. Pressure cook them up to 3 whistles. Let them cool down and then peel. Cut into small bite size ( baby bite ) pieces. Heat 1 tsp of ghee in a Kadhai add the potato pieces toss well and sprinkle salt to taste. Encourage the baby to self feed but check the temperature before you offer the baby.

RECIPE :Take2 medium sized potatoes, wash well and pressure cook up to 3 whistles. Let them cool and then peel. Mash the potatoes well and add salt to taste. Make small balls of the mash small enough for your baby to hold. Roll in breadcrumbs or makke ka atta. Heat oil in a Kadhai and fry the balls 2 or 3 at a time to ensure uniform heat, till the surface is golden in colour. Offer your baby when a little cooler

All finger foods specially ones that are fried, it is important for you to check the temperature before offering your baby. Best way to do it is to eat one bite yourself first.

For More Details, Discuss with Dr. Shruti Sarkar